Picacho Pass: Arizona's Civil War story.


Arizona's Civil War story is a colorful one. Colonel John R. Baylor of the Confederate States of America defeated Union troops in Arizona and New Mexico in March 1861. Arizona became a Confederate Territory when it was annexed by President Jefferson Davis. Baylor was later named in January 1862. He set up a territorial government for the Confederacy with its own constitution. It was not until General Carelton and the California Volunteers recaptured Tucson in June 1862 and drove out Confederate forces was Arizona under Union control. Arizona became a territory under the Union flag February 26 1863. The Battle of Picacho Pass, "the westernmost conflict of the Civil War", was fought on April 15, 1862. It took place between Tucson and Phoenix near Picacho Peak. (If you go on the I-10 from Phoenix to Tucson, you will pass the Picacho Peak mountains and see an exit to see the park.)

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